What are the Causes Of Dementia
Alzheimer’s accounts for more than half of all cases of dementia. Dementia is actually a dysfunction of the mental faculties along with degeneration of intellectual or thinking capabilities serious enough to restrict cultural and/or work-related performance. Additional causes consist of vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, as well as dementias affiliated with Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease.
Causes of Dementia – Vascular Dementia
The second most common cause of dementia, following AD, is vascular dementia. Vascular dementia is actually a result of reduced or disrupted circulation of blood to areas of the brain. Risk factors which can be managed are the same as those pertaining to heart as well as blood vessel diseases throughout various parts of the human body. Some examples are elevated blood pressure levels, using tobacco, high blood fats or lipids which include cholesterol, elevated homocysteine (an amino acid), very little physical exercise, along with unhealthy weight.
The actual beginning of signs of vascular dementia is typically abrupt, differing from the step by step onset of
warning signs in AD. Decreased capacity to think, recollect and process data is typically unexpected and sometimes comes after an event in which blood circulation is decreased or even obstructed. The most typical reason for bad blood flow may be a stroke in which muscle tissues or any other functions including oral communication or vision governed by a section of the brain are affected. Occasionally parallel (or collateral) blood circulation reestablishes blood circulation before brain cells die, and thus reviving brain functions. Usually the advancement of vascular dementia happens in steps because the brain encounters additional obstructions connected with the circulation of blood as time passes. This unique sequence is referred to as multi-infarct dementia, and that term is oftentimes substituted with the more contemporary expression of vascular dementia.
Vascular dementia, similar to Alzheimer’s disease, is a bit more common with advancing age. Vascular dementia could come about through strokes and a stroke could certainly unmask underlying AD. It’s not at all shocking that some individuals have dementia the result of both conditions. Even though AD is usually progressive, removing the risks pertaining to vascular dementia is effective in reducing the potential risk of additional damage to the brain for those with vascular dementia. There exists evidence in which vascular dementia reacts to AD medications .
Deficiency of Vitamins and Minerals
Deficiency of essential vitamins and minerals can also be one of the causes of dementia.
Specialists, agree that a nutritious diet loaded with the B vitamins and folate along with Antioxidant’s can be very helpful in retaining mental functionality.
The Neuroprotectors: Antioxidant Vitamins
Vitamin C, beta carotene, Vitamin E, selenium and polyphenols are Antioxidant vitamins. Antioxidants protect the brain from negative ions called “Free Radicals ” which if left alone can wear away at brain cells. this wil cause actual shrinkage of the brain which results in memory loss and can lead to dementia. They also enhance the flow of oxygen to the brain which helps with mental performance and memory.
The Memory Nutrients: The Vitamin B Complex
The Vitamin B Complex consists of the eight B Vitamins. Vitamin B-12, B-6, Folate and Thiamin (B-1) are a few of the B-vitamins. All of the B vitamins help supply energy for you to make use of throughout the day, mentally and physically. Vitamin B-12 regulates the development of red blood cells, which are required for transporting oxygen to your brain. Vitamin B-12 additionally aids in making certain that iron performs effectively within your body.
Omega-3 and fatty acids
Seafood is commonly referred to as brain food. Because it can give an abundant supply of docosahexaenoic acid, which is an essential fatty acid. Omega-3 is considered very important to the function of human brain. Omega-3’s and fatty acids help cellular membranes to be much more fluid, improving communication between the brain cells.
Other Causes of Dementia – Chronic Brain Disorders
Lewy body dementia can be a result of progressive break down of brain cells through protein deposits called Lewy bodies. Visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not present) can be a hallmark characteristic of Lewy body dementia, however the individual in most cases can also have difficulties with attentiveness as well as other signs and symptoms of dementia. Roughly one-third of men and women with Parkinson’s disease (tremors, stiffness of limbs and facial muscles that create problems with walking and speech) develop dementia. Lewy bodies are frequently located in the brain areas connected with Parkinson’s disease. Lewy bodies are also present in a number of people with AD. Lewy body dementia is oftentimes treated with cholinesterase inhibitors.
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) was previously known as Pick’s disease. This unique dementia involves mainly the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. FTD is incredibly uncommon and in most cases starts off with considerable character as well as behavioral variations which will precede complications with memory and language. There isn’t any real remedies in common use.
Other causes of Dementia are;
Dementia can be caused by all kinds of things, it can be caused by vitamin B-12 deficiency, it can be caused by thyroid disease, it can be caused by a brain tumor, it can be caused by strokes.
A video by The Mayo Clinic