Differents Kinds of Dementia

There are several Different kinds of Dementia. We hope to inform you of the different types and their characteristics. Many of the signs and symptoms are the same

Cortical Dementia – How does it affect a patient

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Cortical Dementia or Subcortical Dementia?


Cortical Dementia - BrainCortical dementia comes from damage to the out layer of the brain.  The word Cortical is a version of the word cortex which is the part of the brain that we are most familiar with, the twists and rolls of the outer part of the brain. It is the outer layer of the brain that will suffer from visible atrophy or shrinkage therefore causing loss of normal brain functioning. Subcortical dementia is found in the areas underneath the cortex or outer layers.


Dementia is not a Disease


Dementia is a symptom of many different disorders or diseases. That is, it is not a disease in and of itself, it is the result of diseases of conditions. The different causes of dementia affect the age of onset, whether the onset is sudden or slow. It affects how it responds to therapy such as whether it will be reversible or not.


Different Classifications of Dementia


Different types of dementia are classified as mixed or localized. The mixed dementia category usually means that there is more than one disorder present at the same time. Such as multi-infarct dementia or a patient could have Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia at the same time. While localized dementia is classified as cortical dementia, subcortical or axial dementia.



Different types of Cortical Dementia


The best known cortical dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Other types of cortical dementia are Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Binswanger’s disease, Pick’s disease and frontotemporal dementia.


The signs and symptoms of cortical dementia


The Cortical layer of the brain is known for handling functions such as language and memory. Early symptoms may include difficulty in remembering names or appointments, forgetting about important events or trouble remembering recent conversations. This can be accompanied by depression and/or apathy. During the later stages of dementia signs may include difficulty trying to communicate, behavioral changes, disorientation, bad judgement, confusion and loss of control trying to walk, speak or swallow.


Subcortical dementia


Since we know that cortical refers to the outer layer of the brain and the prefix “sub” means below or under we can deduce that Subcortical means under the outer layer or cortex. Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s dementia and AIDS related dementia are some of the types of subcortical dementias. Signs of subcortical dementia can include slowing of the thought process or a patient not acting like themselves. Memory and language actually seem unaffected in the earlier stages of subcortical Dementia.


How to help Dementia Sufferers


If a friend or loved one is showing signs of dementia encourage them to see professional physician who can perform tests to accurately diagnose the patient. If they are reluctant to do so, try very hard to convince them to see a doctor.Cortical Dementia - Testing Early detection is very critical to the patient’s treatment and quality of life. Not to mention that some types of dementia are reversible such as dementia that is caused by thyroid problems or vitamin deficiencies.


Delirium and Dementia Testing


It’s important to keep in mind that many elderly people can have dementia like symptoms to surgery, infections, lack of sleep, dehydration, loneliness, personal crisis or poor diet. This is called delirium.  Early detection is a must therefore proper testing and diagnosis can only be administered by trained professionals such as a geriatric psychiatrist or a neurologist.


Helpful Tips and Signs to Look For


Here are a few tips to help when trying to cope with dementia or trying to help a loved one. It helps to know some of the signs of dementia also.


Early Signs of Dementia


  • Strong lack of concentration
  • Losing train of thought mid-sentence
  • Forgetting a word
  • Forgetting the meaning of a word
  • Forgetting names beyond normal
  • Using the wrong word


Ten Tips to Help Communicate with Dementia Patients


  1. Use easy words
  2. Always listen
  3. Never, ever argue with patient
  4. Use easy sentences that aren’t too long
  5. Answer questions as well and simply as possible
  6. Use labels when you are able (your coffee cup or your slippers)
  7. Talking very calmly and clearly
  8. Use touch from time to time to reassure them
  9. Use proper body language
  10. Use visual aids and signs





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Alcohol Related Dementia How does alcohol Cause Dementia

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Alcohol related dementia – its causes and how it affects people

Alcohol Related DementiaAlcohol related dementia is a medical condition which is sometimes referred to as Wernicke-Korsakoff’s Syndrome or Wet brain. It is caused by excessive drinking over a long period of time, which eventually leads to learning, cognitive and memory problems. The risks of developing alcohol related dementia are higher for people who abuse alcohol. Alcohol related dementia can set in really early, as early as age thirty but the most common ages is between age 65 and age 70.

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Delirium vs Dementia – What are the Differences

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Delirium vs Dementia – Are they the same?


Seven Dementia Stages - Delirium vs DementiaTo make a distinction between delirium vs dementia there are several factors to take into consideration. One of the first steps in diagnosing dementia is to rule out delirium. A few of the symptoms to look for in delirium are listed below.


• How fast did the person start to exhibit symptoms
• Any history of recent head trauma
• Signs of malnutrition
• Possible drug use or reaction to prescription drugs

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Early Onset Dementia Symptoms and Signs to Look For

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Dementia Stages- Early Onset Dementia SymptomsInitial Signs and Symptoms of Early Onset Dementia

What are the Early Onset Dementia Symptoms? Have you noticed something odd about a loved one lately? Are they finding it difficult to remember important names, dates, places, and events when you ask them about it?

Often people would think that forgetting these things is normal and it’s just part of “getting old”. But what many people may fail to realize is that this could be one of the early onset Dementia symptoms.


Early Onset Dementia Symptoms affect the cognitive function of the brain. Faculties such as judgment, memory, and concentration grow worse as the  Dementia Stages progress. Dementia is not merely a single disease but rather  a non-specific syndrome. That means that tan ailment is connected with several symptoms that point towards a particular disease or disorder.

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The Stages of Vascular Dementia as it Progresses

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Dementia Stages - Stages of Vascular DementiaKnow More About The Stages of Vascular Dementia

The stages of vascular dementia and the dementia stages are the same. Next to Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia is the most common type of dementia.. There are several causes for this condition aside from genetics and stroke. The main cause for vascular dementia is due to lack of blood circulation in the brain. Even if a person doesn’t suffer from a stroke, he or she might present symptoms and sometimes it could go unnoticed. A person with this condition suffers from memory loss and the loss of cognitive abilities. This is caused by a lack of oxygen supply in the brain. Blockage of the veins that supply blood to the brain is one of the many reasons for this condition.

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