What to Expect and How to CopeNavigation
Cortical dementia comes from damage to the out layer of the brain. The word Cortical is a version of the word cortex which is the part of the brain that we are most familiar with, the twists and rolls of the outer part of the brain. It is the outer layer of the brain that will suffer from visible atrophy or shrinkage therefore causing loss of normal brain functioning. Subcortical dementia is found in the areas underneath the cortex or outer layers.
Dementia is a symptom of many different disorders or diseases. That is, it is not a disease in and of itself, it is the result of diseases of conditions. The different causes of dementia affect the age of onset, whether the onset is sudden or slow. It affects how it responds to therapy such as whether it will be reversible or not.
Different types of dementia are classified as mixed or localized. The mixed dementia category usually means that there is more than one disorder present at the same time. Such as multi-infarct dementia or a patient could have Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia at the same time. While localized dementia is classified as cortical dementia, subcortical or axial dementia.
The best known cortical dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Other types of cortical dementia are Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Binswanger’s disease, Pick’s disease and frontotemporal dementia.
The Cortical layer of the brain is known for handling functions such as language and memory. Early symptoms may include difficulty in remembering names or appointments, forgetting about important events or trouble remembering recent conversations. This can be accompanied by depression and/or apathy. During the later stages of dementia signs may include difficulty trying to communicate, behavioral changes, disorientation, bad judgement, confusion and loss of control trying to walk, speak or swallow.
Since we know that cortical refers to the outer layer of the brain and the prefix “sub” means below or under we can deduce that Subcortical means under the outer layer or cortex. Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s dementia and AIDS related dementia are some of the types of subcortical dementias. Signs of subcortical dementia can include slowing of the thought process or a patient not acting like themselves. Memory and language actually seem unaffected in the earlier stages of subcortical Dementia.
If a friend or loved one is showing signs of dementia encourage them to see professional physician who can perform tests to accurately diagnose the patient. If they are reluctant to do so, try very hard to convince them to see a doctor. Early detection is very critical to the patient’s treatment and quality of life. Not to mention that some types of dementia are reversible such as dementia that is caused by thyroid problems or vitamin deficiencies.
It’s important to keep in mind that many elderly people can have dementia like symptoms to surgery, infections, lack of sleep, dehydration, loneliness, personal crisis or poor diet. This is called delirium. Early detection is a must therefore proper testing and diagnosis can only be administered by trained professionals such as a geriatric psychiatrist or a neurologist.
Here are a few tips to help when trying to cope with dementia or trying to help a loved one. It helps to know some of the signs of dementia also.
Dementia and paranoia is a source of great frustration and sadness for a loved one or caregiver. Dementia is a chronic disorder which is generally caused by an injury or brain disease associated with old age. Some of the most common signs are memory loss, confused thoughts, personality changes, hysteria.
Many (but not all) dementia patients become paranoid after a period of time. Usually from the third or fourth stages of dementia on. They will begin to have delusions and very strong false beliefs. They may believe that a mate is being unfaithful or they’re being followed by the police. They might think that someone is stealing from them. These are all signs and symptoms of dementia and paranoia.Read More
Alcohol related dementia is a medical condition which is sometimes referred to as Wernicke-Korsakoff’s Syndrome or Wet brain. It is caused by excessive drinking over a long period of time, which eventually leads to learning, cognitive and memory problems. The risks of developing alcohol related dementia are higher for people who abuse alcohol. Alcohol related dementia can set in really early, as early as age thirty but the most common ages is between age 65 and age 70.Read More
To make a distinction between delirium vs dementia there are several factors to take into consideration. One of the first steps in diagnosing dementia is to rule out delirium. A few of the symptoms to look for in delirium are listed below.
• How fast did the person start to exhibit symptoms
• Any history of recent head trauma
• Signs of malnutrition
• Possible drug use or reaction to prescription drugs
Activities for Dementia Patients are very important for the overall health and well-being of an affected person. New ideas are always welcome by professional and family dementia caregivers alike. Activities for dementia patients along with proper exercise and mental vitamins will enhance mental function. Some medical experts claim that the effects of dementia can even be slowed down by using these three phases of dementia care-giving.
Activities for dementia patients should consist of mental exercises that are challenging to the patient. This will push the boundaries of the brain and keep the cognitive juices flowing. Some good activities for dementia patients are listed below.
• A Challenging book involving a somewhat complicated plot. Not too complicated though,
What are the Early Onset Dementia Symptoms? Have you noticed something odd about a loved one lately? Are they finding it difficult to remember important names, dates, places, and events when you ask them about it?
Often people would think that forgetting these things is normal and it’s just part of “getting old”. But what many people may fail to realize is that this could be one of the early onset Dementia symptoms.
Early Onset Dementia Symptoms affect the cognitive function of the brain. Faculties such as judgment, memory, and concentration grow worse as the Dementia Stages progress. Dementia is not merely a single disease but rather a non-specific syndrome. That means that tan ailment is connected with several symptoms that point towards a particular disease or disorder.Read More
Dementia Statistics can come from many sources. As you research Dementia Statistics you will find that not all sources of information agree with each other. This is due in part to the fact that there is still a lot to learn about dementia as a syndrome. A person affected by dementia will show different signs and symptoms depending on the stage of dementia that a patient is in. The dementia stages are assessed by a medical professional using the Global Deterioration Scale or GDS. According to Dementia Statistics there are several types of dementia affecting the population today. It is a progressive condition which means that symptoms can get worse as time passes by. The progress of such symptoms will vary from one person to another and will be effected by the disease in different ways.
According to dementia statistics, the amount of people who dementia are growing in numbers. The Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) is an organization in England which is made up of several national Alzheimer’s organizations. They study not only Alzheimer’s, but the other forms of dementia as well. In 2011 they released a report with alarming dementia statistics showing that instances of Alzheimer’s and the other different types of dementia are becoming more and more frequent.
Click here for report: World Alzheimer Report 2011 Executive Summary .pdf
There are many reasons and variables that can account for the increase in dementia statistics. To many to name here. But according to the World Alzheimer Report 2011 Executive Summary on reason is that people are living longer.
With more people living past the age of 60 to 65 there is more chances for them to be effected by the Dementia Stages.